4.1 介绍
Main Planning considerations for Back-of-the-House (BOH) areas are HYGIENE, EFFICIENCY & CONTROL.
Number, type and size of service facilities required are set forth in the Area Programme established by SLIM for the project.
Arrangement and equipment of service spaces must promote rapid service of high quality with a minimum number of staff.
Arrangement of service spaces must facilitate the establishment and operation of an effective system of controls of hotel staff and of hotel supplies such as food, beverages, linen, silverware, tools, etc.
Provide toilet facilities conveniently near working locations of sizable groups of staff.
All work areas shall be clean, well lit and ventilated, and dressing rooms and dining accommodations shall be comfortably equipped and pleasantly finished and decorated.
In planning service areas, it is the responsibility of the local architect to comply with all local regulations of governmental or labour authorities, including any which may require the provision of natural lighting and ventilation.
It is the responsibility of the local architect to provide proper and adequate emergency exits in compliance with local codes or authorities.
Where such emergency exits present a threat to the security of the hotel, proper provision shall be made to maintain security by providing alarms, CCTV surveillance or other means approved by SLIM – refer to SLIM M& E Design Standards.
Floor to floor heights of service levels shall provide suitable clear headroom under any large ductwork and piping which must be accommodated. It shall be the responsibility of the architect and M&E consultants to coordinate their work properly to the end that proper headroom is maintained without wasteful construction heights. Minimum headroom at any point shall be 2130mm but in general, clear headroom in general office area shall be no less than 2400mm, working and equipment areas shall be between 2750mm and 3000mm. Service corridor clear width shall not be less than 1800mm while Ballroom service corridor shall not be less than 3000mm. For BOH M&E equipment corridors, it shall not be less than 2550mm clear. (e.g. corridors between designated services access points and M&E equipment hatch to M&E rooms for generators, chillers, boilers and transformers.)
All areas indicated in this section are based on 350-room keys hotel. The actual areas will be indicated per hotel area programme.
All partitions shall extend from structural slab to structural slab. All pipes and ducts penetrating partitions shall be sleeved and sealed to preserve acoustic insulation value and fire-retardant ratio of the partitions.
To the extent possible, service areas housing noise and vibration producing equipment shall not be located immediately over, under or adjacent to any public space. Such areas should be located on grade rather than on a structurally supported floor.
Wherever planning considerations require that such equipment be so located as to create a noise or vibration problem, proper provision shall be made in the design of their installation to eliminate the problem. The designs of all projects are to be reviewed by the acoustics consultant, and architects and engineers are to make such revisions to their designs as may be required